La vida és més dolça sense sucre. Bibliografia


Bibliografia general

Appleton, Nancy. Lick the sugar habit. Avery Trade: New York, 1988

Appleton, Nancy. Suicide by Sugar. Square One Publishing: New York, 2009

Bennet, Connie. Beyond Sugar Shock. Hay House: New York, 2012

Brucker, Max Otto. ¡Azúcar, Azúcar! Oasis: Barcelona, 1994

Dufty, William. Sugar Blues. Warner Books: New York, 1986

Gillespie, David. Sweet poison. Viking, Victoria, 2008

Gómez Canela, Carmen, Palma Milla, Samara [coord.] El libro blanco del azúcar. Idear: Madrid, 2013

McGee, Harold. La cocina y los alimentos. Debate: Barcelona, 2007

O’Connell, Jeff. Sugar Nation. Hyperion: New York, 2011

Yudkin, John. Pure, white and deadly. Penguin: London,  1988 (primer edició, 1972)

DDAA Planeta azúcar. VSF Justicia Alimentaria Global, Mundoprint, 2014.


Bibliografia específica

(dades, estudis, investigacions i articles mèdics específics per capítols)

Capítol 3. Necessitem sucre?

Mann J.I., et al. “Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus”. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2004; 14:373-394.

”Evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes”.  Diabetes UK 2011.

Servan-Schreiber, D. Anticancer – Prévenir et lutter grâce à nos défenses naturelles. Paris: Éditions Robert Laffont, 2007

Abrahamson E.M., Pezet, A.W. “Body, Mind and Sugar” New York: Jove, 1971

Capítol 4. Blanc, dolç i verinós

Estudio científico ANIBES sobre balance energético en España. Federacion Española de la Nutrición, n.1  diciembre 2014

Rodríguez-Artalejo F., Garces C., et al: “Dietary patterns among children aged 6-7 y in four Spanish cities with widely differing cardiovascular mortality”. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  56(2):141-8,2002.

Aykroyd, W.R. Sweet Malefactor: Sugar, Slavery and Human Society. London: Heynemann, 1967

Chen, J. The taste of sweet: our complicated Love Affair with our favorite treats. New York: Clarkson Potters 2003

Lustig, R. Fat Chance: Beating the odds against sugar, processed food, obesity, and disease. New York: Plume, 2013


Johnson R.J., et al. “Redefining metabolic syndrome as a fat storage condition based on studies of comparative physiology.” Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Apr;21(4):659-64

Lanaspa M.A. et al. Endogenous fructose production and metabolism in the liver contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome.” Nat Commun. 2013;4:2434.


Basu S., Yoffe P., Hills N., Lustig R.H. “The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data”. PLoS ONE 2012;8(2)

Newsholme,P., Cruzat, V., Arfuso, F. “Nutrient regulation of insulin secretion and action” J Endocrinol June 2014, 221

Maximilian Zeyda Thomas M. Stulnig, “Obesity, Inflammation, and Insulin  Resistance – A Mini-Review”  Gerontology 2009;55:379–38

Chan TF, et al.”Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with components of the metabolic syndrome in adolescents”. Nutrients 2014, 6, 2088-2103

Gulland A. “Average daily consumption of sugar must be halved, says WHO”. BMJ 2014; 348: g2003


Frey, J. “Is There Sugar in the Alzheimer’s Disease?” Annales De Biologie Clinique. 2001; 59 (3):253-257.

Kroner Z.”The relationship between Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes: Type 3 diabetes?” Altern Med Rev. 2009 Dec;14(4):373-9.

Yang Y, Song W. “Molecular links between Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes mellitus.” Neuroscience. 2013 Oct 10;250:140-50.

Pearson-Leary J, McNay EC. “Intrahippocampal administration of amyloid-β(1-42) oligomers acutely impairs spatial working memory, insulin signaling, and hippocampal metabolism.” Journal of Alzheimers Disease. 2012;30(2):413-22.

Guo X, et al. “Sweetened Beverages, Coffee, and Tea and Depression Risk among Older US Adults”. PLoS ONE 2014; 9(4)


Glinsmann, W., Irausquin, H., Youngmee, K. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners”. F. D. A. Report of Sugars Task Force. 1986:39.

Makinen K.K.,et al. “A Descriptive Report of the Effects of a 16_month Xylitol Chewing_Gum Programme Subsequent to a 40_Month Sucrose Gum Programme.” Caries Research. 1998; 32(2)107-12.

Touger-Decker, R, Van Loveren, C. “Sugars and Dental Caries.”

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. . Oct 2003; 78:881-892.


Guo X, Park Y, Freedman ND, Sinha R, Hollenbeck AR, et al.  “Sweetened Beverages, Coffee, and Tea and Depression Risk among Older US Adults”. PLoS ONE 2014: 9(4)

American Academy of Neurology (AAN). “Hold the diet soda? Sweetened drinks linked to depression, coffee tied to lower risk.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 January 2013.

H. R. Bogner, K. H. Morales, H. F. de Vries, A. R. Cappola. “Integrated Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression Treatment to Improve Medication Adherence: A Randomized Controlled Trial”. The Annals of Family Medicine, 2012; 10 (1): 15


Tsenkova VK, et al. “Trait anxiety and glucose metabolism in people without diabetes: vulnerabilities among black women.” Diabet Med. 2012 Jun;29(6):803-6.

Grant P, et al. “The impact of anxiety and depression on patients within a large type 1 diabetes insulin pump population. An observational study.” Diabetes Metab. 2013 Oct;39(5):439-44.

Goldman, J., et al. “Behavioral Effects of Sucrose on Preschool Children.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.1986;14(4):565-577

Holt R.I., et al. “The relationship between depression, anxiety and cardiovascular disease: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study.” J Affect Disord. 2013 Aug 15;150(1):84-90.


Johnson R.J., et al. “Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: is it time to reappraise the role of sugar consumption?” Postgrad Med. 2011 Sep;123(5):39-49

Kim Y, Chang H. “Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children.” Nutr Res Pract. 2011 Jun;5(3):236-45.


Zeeni N., et al. “A cafeteria diet modifies the response to chronic variable stress in rats.” Stress. 2013 Mar;16(2):211-9.

Watt T.T., et al. “Sugar, stress, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: early childhood obesity risks among a clinic-based sample of low-income Hispanics.” Journal of Community Health. 2013 Jun;38(3):513-20.

Kim Y., et al. “Academic stress levels were positively associated with sweet food consumption among Korean high-school students.” Nutrition. 2013 Jan;29(1):213-8. 

Malalties hepàtiques

Rogers A.E., Nields HM, Newberne PM. “Nutritional and Dietary Influences on Liver Tumorigenesis in Mice and Rats”. Arch Toxicol Suppl. 1987;10:231-43.

Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. Mar-Apr 1991: 34-38


Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Sugars on Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Heart Disease.” Nutritional Health. 1985;203:216.

Monnier, V., “Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging Process.” Journal of Gerontology. 1990;45:105-111.

Albrink, M., Ullrich I. H. “Interaction of Dietary Sucrose and Fiber on Serum Lipids in Healthy Young Men Fed High Carbohydrate Diets.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1986;43:419-428.

Síndrome metabòlica

Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Sugars on Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Heart Disease.” Nutritional Health. 1985;203-216.

Yoo, S. et al. “Comparison of Dietary Intakes Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Young Adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  2004 Oct;80(4): 841-848.

Sistema immune

Sanchez, A., et al. “Role of Sugars in Human Neutrophilic Phagocytosis”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Nov 1973;261:1180-1184.

Bernstein, J., al. “Depression of Lymphocyte Transformation Following Oral Glucose Ingestion”. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.1997;30:613

Ringsdorf, W., Cheraskin, E. and Ramsay R. “Sucrose, Neutrophilic Phagocytosis and Resistance to Disease”, Dental Survey. 1976;52(12):46_48.

Manzel A. et al. “Role of “Western diet” in inflammatory autoimmune diseases.” Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2014 Jan;14(1):404.


Misra S., Singh B. “Insulin resistance and hypothyroidism: a complex relationship in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.” J Indian Med Assoc. 2013 May;111(5):324-6, 329.

Straub R.H. “Interaction of the endocrine system with inflammation: a function of energy and volume regulation.” Arthritis Res Ther. 2014 Feb 13;16(1):203

Christoffolete M.A., Moriscot A.S. ”Hypercaloric cafeteria-like diet induced UCP3 gene expression in skeletal muscle is impaired by hypothyroidism.” Braz J Med Biol Res. 2004 Jun;37(6):923-7

Macdonald I. ”Some effects of various dietary carbohydrates on thyroid activity in the rat.” Ann Nutr Metab. 1989;33(1):15-21.

Tonstad S. et al. “Vegan diets and hypothyroidism.“ Nutrients. 2013 Nov 20;5(11):4642-52.

Fatiga crònica

Evengård B., Gräns H., Wahlund E., Nord C.E. “Increased number of Candida albicans in the faecal microflora of chronic fatigue syndrome patients during the acute phase of illness.” Scand J Gastroenterol. 2007 Dec;42(12):1514-5.

Maloney E.M. et al. “Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with metabolic syndrome: results from a case-control study in Georgia.” Metabolism. 2010 Sep;59(9):1351-7

Grant J.E., Veldee M.S., Buchwald D.“Analysis of dietary intake and selected nutrient concentrations in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.” J Am Diet Assoc. 1996 Apr;96(4):383-6.

Artritis reumatoide

Hu Y. et al. “Sugar-sweetened soda consumption and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in women.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Sep;100(3):959-67


Bass E.F. et al. “Bone quality and strength are greater in growing male rats fed fructose compared with glucose”. Nutr Res. 2013 Dec;33(12):1063-71

Shin S., Joung H. “A dairy and fruit dietary pattern is associated with a reduced likelihood of osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women.” Br J Nutr. 2013 Nov;110(10):1926-33.

Park S.J. et al.“Dietary patterns and osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal korean women.” Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012 Dec;3(4):199-205.


DDAA. “Anàlisi de la mortalitat a Catalunya, 2012. Resum de resultats”. Butlletí Epidemiològic de Catalunya Vol XXXV Maig 2014 Número 5

Lluis Amiguet. “Christopher Wild: Yo puedo decirle cómo evitar la mitad de los cánceres” La Vanguardia 17/03/2014

Graham A.N. et al.” Privación de Glucosa activa un circuito de señalización metabólica señalizando un bucle de amplificación conduciendo a la muerte celular” Molecular Systems Biology, 2012; 8

Moerman, C. J., et al. “Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary Tract Cancer.” International Journal of Epidemiology. Ap 1993;2(2):207-214.

Quillin, Patrick, “Cancer’s Sweet Tooth.” Nutrition Science News. Ap 2000.

Yudkin, J., Eisa, O. “Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men”. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 1988:32(2):53-55.

Moerman, C. et al.”Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Gallbladder Tract Cancer.” Internat J of Epi. Ap 1993; 22(2):207-214.

Hauner H, et al. “Evidence-Based Guideline of the German Nutrition Society: Carbohydrate Intake and Prevention of Nutrition-Related Diseases”. Ann Nutr Metab 2012; 60 (Suppl. 1): 1-58.

Aranceta J.,  Pérez, C., “Relación entre el consumo de sacarosa y cáncer: una revisión de la evidencia” Nutr. Hosp. vol.28  supl.4 Madrid jul. 2013

Altres malalties

Appleton, N. “141 reasons sugar ruins your health”. Nancy Appleton.

Capítol 5. L’Era del Sucre

Banegas J.R., Graciani A., Guallar-Castillón P., et al. Estudio de Nutrición y Riesgo Cardiovascular en España (ENRICA). Madrid: Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2011.

DDAA. “Estat nutricional de la població catalana. Tendències del consum d’aliments i nutrients a Catalunya”. Butlletí Epidemiològic de Catalunya Volum XXVI Setembre 2005 Numero 9

“La OMS recomienda a los adultos reducir el consumo de azúcar al 5% de la ingesta calórica diaria” El Mundo (05-03-2014)

Ungoed-Thomas, J. “Halve sugar consumption, World Health Organisation experts warn” The Times (30-12-2013)

Johnson R.K., et al. “Dietary Sugar Intake and Cardiovascular Health A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association”. Circulation. 1991;120:1011–10

Encuesta National de Salud. 2006. Ministerio de Sanidad y Politico Socialísticas/ encuestaNacional/encuesta2006.htm

DDAA. Planeta azúcar. VSF Justicia Alimentaria Global, Mundoprint, 2014. p. 73

Yukdin, J. White pure and deadly. Penguin, 1971 London

Bou i Tort, A. “El azúcar. Producción y consumo en España, la Unión Europea y resto del mundo.” Fórum Cultural del Café. Juny de 2002.,%20produccion%20y%20consumo.pdf

Díaz Yubero, I. “Historia del azúcar” a El Libro Blanco del azúcar. Madrid: Edimsa, 2013

McGee, H.. La cocina y los alimentos. Barcelona: Debate, 2007

Muñoz C., Sosvilla S. Informe económico 2013. Madrid. FIAB, 2014.

Capítol 6. Nociu i addictiu

Avena N.M., Rada P., Hoebel B.G. “Evidence for sugar addiction: behavioral

and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake”. Neurosci

Biobehav Rev 2008; 32:20 – 39.

Ahmed S. H. ”Sugar addiction: pushing the drug-sugar analogy to the limit” Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 16:434-9. 2013

Wells H.F., Buzby J.C. “Dietary Assessment of Major Trends in US Food Consumption, 1970–2005”. Economic Research Service, Us Department of Agriculture: Mar, 2008

Gearhardt, A., Roberts, M. and Ashe, M. “If Sugar Is Addictive…What Does It Mean for the Law?”. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 2013. 41: 46–49.

Swarna Nantha Y. “Addiction to Sugar and Its Link to Health Morbidity: A Primer for Newer Primary Care and Public Health Initiatives in Malaysia” Journal of Primary Care & Community Health. May, 2014

“Carbohydrate Addiction” American Hearth Association. (10-11-2014)

López, A. “El consumo de azucar es tóxico incluso en cantidades ‘seguras’” El Mundo. (14-08-2013)

Ruff, J.S. “Human-relevant levels of added sugar consumption increase female mortality and lower male fitness in mice” Nat Commun 4:2245. 2013

Mouse Genome Sequencing C, Waterston RH, Lindblad-Toh K, Birney E, Rogers J, Abril JF, et al. “Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome”. Nature. 2002;420(6915):520–562.

Castro M.C., et al. “Lipoic acid prevents fructose-induced changes in liver carbohydrate metabolism: role of oxidative stress”. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Mar;1840(3):1145-51.

Moreno J.A., Hong E. “A single oral dose of fructose induces some features of metabolic syndrome in rats: role of oxidative stress.” Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 Jun;23(6):536-42.

Dufty W. Sugar Blues. Warner Books: New York, 1986 p. 114

Una Aproximación a la Indústria Española de la Alimentación y Bebidas y su Comercio Exterior. FIAB, Madrid, maig 2008

“Presentado el estudio AMES 2012” Infoadex informa. 2012:43

Díaz Méndez C., González Álvarez, M. “Industria y alimentación: de la publicidad referencial a los alimentos funcionales”. Alimentacion, consumo y salud. Barcelona, Fundació la Caixa. 2008 Colección Estudios Sociales N. 24 p. 118

Llewwellyn Smith, J. “John Yudkin: The man who tried to warn us about sugar.” The Thelegraph (17/0/2014)

La FAO simplifica el etiquetado de los alimentos (28/01/2010) FAO.

DDAA. Planeta azúcar. VSF Justicia Alimentaria Global, Mundoprint, 2014. p.46

Loria Kohen, V. el tal. “Análisis de las encuestas sobre etiquetado nutricional realizadas en el Hospital La Paz de Madrid durante la 9a edición del Día Nacional de la Nutrición (DNN) 2010” Nutr. Hosp. v.26 n.1 Madrid ene.-feb. 2011

DDAA. El Libro Blanco del Azúcar. Madrid: Edimsa, 2013, p.35

Capítols 7 – 8. Edulcorants

“Must we give up our little treats?” Daily Mail (10-10-2014)

Mattes R.D., Popkin B.M. “Nonnutritive sweetener consumption in humans: effects on appetite and food intake and their putative mechanisms”. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jan;89(1):1-14.

Yang Q. “Gain weight by “going diet?” Artificial sweeteners and the neurobiology of sugar cravings” Neuroscience 2010. Yale J Biol Med. 2010 Jun;83(2):101-8.

Pepino M.Y., Bourne C. “Non-nutritive sweeteners, energy balance, and glucose homeostasis.” Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2011 Jul;14(4):391-5.

Swithers S.E., Martin AA, Davidson TL. “High-intensity sweeteners and energy balance.” Physiol Behav. 2010 Apr 26;100(1):55-62.

Andrew Renwick et al. Edulcorantes bajos en calorías: funciones y beneficios International Sweeteners Association. pp 1-31.

Mortensen A. “Sweeteners permitted in the European Union, Safety aspects”. Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2006;50(3):104-116.

Raben A., Richelsen B. “Artificial sweeteners: a place in the field of functional foods? Focus on obesity and related metabolic disorders.” Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2012 Nov;15 (6):597-604.

Dufault R., LeBlanc B., Schnoll R., ”Mercury from chlor-alkali plants: measured concentrations in food product sugar.” Environ Health. 2009 Jan 26;8:2

Gil A.Mª., “Los aditivos edulcorantes.” Rev. Alimentación Nutrición y Salud 1999: Abril-Junio. Vol 6 Nº 2

Leira R., Rodríguez R., “Dieta y migraña”. Rev. Neurol 1996; 24:534-8

Llorente A., “No es azucar todo lo que endulza los caramelos”. Rev. Alimentación, Equipos y Tecnología. 1997; 16:75-9

Llorente A., “Ciclamato y sacarina: unos edulcorantes de eficacia probada”. Rev. Alimentación Equipos y Tecnología. 1996;15:67-79

“Real Decreto 2002/1995, de 7 de septiembre, por el que se aprueba la lista positiva de aditivos edulcorantes autorizados para su uso en la elaboración de productos alimenticios, así como sus condiciones de utilización”. BOE 12 de Gener de 1996.

“Real Decreto 2027/1997, de 26 de diciembre, por el que se modifica el Real Decreto 2002/1995, de 7 de septiembre, que aprueba la lista positiva de aditivos edulcorantes autorizados para su uso en la elaboración de productos alimenticios, así como sus condiciones de utilización”. BOE 17 de Gener de 1998.

White B., “Flavour perception: From basic research to industrial applications.” Rev. Trends Food Sci Tech 1996;7:386.

Capítol 9. Com desenganxar-se del sucre

Redolar Ripoll, D. Cerebro y adicción. Barcelona: UOC, 2012

Adés, J., Lejoyeux, M. Las nuevas adicciones: internet, sexo, juego, deporte, compras, trabajo, dinero. Barcelona: Kairos, 2003

Alonso Fernández, F., Las nuevas adicciones. Madrid: Tea, 2003